Professor Vincent trained as a Clinical Psychologist and worked in the NHS for several years. Since 1985 he has carried out research on the causes of harm to patients, the consequences for patients and staff, and methods of prevention. He established the Clinical Risk Unit at University College in 1995 before moving to the Imperial College in 2002. He now directs the Clinical Safety Research Unit based at Imperial College. He is the author of Patient Safety (2006) and of many papers on risk, safety and medical error. From 1999 to 2003 he was a Commissioner on the UK Commission for Health Improvement. In 2007 he was appointed Director of the National Institute of Health Research Centre for Patient Safety and Service Quality at Imperial College Healthcare Trust. Rajesh Aggarwal, PhD MA(Cantab) MBBS MRCS Eng, began his medical training at Selwyn College, Cambridge University and completed clinical studies at The Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London, graduating with Honours. Subsequently he has completed surgical training in London teaching hospitals, and a PhD thesis at Imperial College London entitled 'A Proficiency-Based Technical Skills Curriculum for Laparoscopic Surgery'.
'Warming up' before surgery improves confidence, and practice